Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) is a Foundation governed by Articles 14 et seq of the Italian Civil Code, established by Legislative Decree 269/03, converted by Law no. 326/2003 (Article 4 of the Statute), and financed by the State to conduct scientific research in the public interest, for the purpose of technological development.
IIT is under the supervision of the Ministry of Economy and Finance and the Ministry of Education, University and Research and is overseen by Corte dei Conti (national auditing body), in accordance with Law 259/58 ("Partecipazione della Corte dei conti al controllo sulla gestione finanziaria degli enti a cui lo Stato contribuisce in via ordinaria" - Art. 12).
IIT aims to promote excellence in basic and applied research and to promote the development of the national economy.
The construction of IIT’s laboratories began in 2006 and ended in 2009.
IIT's total staff is comprised of 1520 people from more than 55 countries. Average age is 35 years and 41% of the staff are women. The scientific field is represented approximately by 80% of overall staff. Approximately 44% of scientific staff come from abroad. Of these, 29% consist of foreigners from more than 50 countries and 15% are Italians who returned from abroad. Today, the scientific staff consists of 72 principal investigators, 119 staff researchers and technologists, 442 post docs, 445 Ph.D. students and recipients of scholarships and 175 technicians.
In 2016, State financing received through the Ministry of Economy and Finance amounted to approximately EUR 96 million (total gross financing totals EUR 98 million, from which EUR 2 million are subtracted for spending review activities), of which 85% was allocated to scientific and technological activities. External resources directly acquired by the Foundation, from 2006 to 31/08/2017, amounted to approximately EUR 183,3 million of which EUR 130,7 million were obtained from competitive projects, EUR 41,6 million from commercial projects and EUR 11,0 million as in-kind contributions.
To date (as August 2017), IIT’s production includes 8569 publications, over 150 European projects and 17 ERC (European Research Council) projects, more than 500 active patent applications, 17 established start-ups and 26 under due diligence. Since 2009, the Institute’s scientific activity has been further strengthened with the creation of eleven IIT research centres in Italy (in Turin, two in Milan, Trento, Rome, two in Pisa, Naples, Lecce, Ferrara) and two outstations located abroad (MIT and Harvard in the US) which, together with the Central Laboratory in Genoa, develop the research programmes defined in the 2015-2017 scientific plan.