Most novel applications/technologies strongly emphasizes the development of new materials as the key ingredient to achieve novel capabilities. Materials development is thus transversal to almost all areas of science and technology. Nanomaterials in particular hold great promise because they offer a broad range of unique properties. Among the different approaches to materials/nanomaterials fabrication, chemical synthesis has become very popular over recent decades because of its immense potential for scalability, tunability of processing parameters and material properties, low energy cost, and (in most cases) environmental compatibility. The technologies developed in this program find their application in the fields of photovoltaics, optics, electronics, diagnostics and medical research